Vaccinology can be defined as “the science or method of vaccine development. Modern vaccinology is the progression of a practice known as variolation and was not born in the science lab as the end product of meticulous research, but in dairy farms, as a result of astute observations.
1796 a doctor named Edward Jenner tested the hypothesis that exposure to cowpox was protective against contracting smallpox. The first test subject was not a white mouse but an 8 year old boy; something a modern day ethics committee may not have approved of. Jenner infected the boy with cowpox and six weeks later with smallpox. The boy did not contract smallpox, proving Jenners’ hypothesis – possibly the most important step in the progress of vaccinology. This new procedure was called vaccination because the Latin word for cowpox is Vaccinia.
Vaccinology was thanks to the work of Louis Pasteur, who’s development of the Germ Theory of Diseases (that many diseases are caused by microorganisms) allowed a more complete understanding of the science behind vaccines. He discovered that chicken cholera was caused by a specific microorganism that could be grown in culture. He also discovered that after serial passage through many such cultures the microorganisms could no longer cause disease in experimental animals – a process known as attenuation. He used this knowledge to develop a vaccine, as these attenuated microorganisms did not cause disease, but still generated resistance to re-infection. Pasteur described his technique as vaccination as well, giving rise to the broader use of the term.
As Editor-In Chief for the Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination I wish to welcome you to attend the 4th International Conference on Vaccines & Vaccination to be held in Valencia, Spain during September 24-26, 2014. This meeting will be the latest in a series of successful annual vaccine meetings organized by the OMICS Group Conference that seek to bring together vaccine stakeholders including academic researchers, public health clinicians, vaccine policy makers, corporates and vaccine manufacturers. In association with the Vaccines-2014 meeting there will be opportunities for those selected to present at the meeting to also publish a manuscript from their talk in the Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination or its sister publication Immunome Research.
Professor Nikolai Petrovsky
Flinders University, Australia
Editor-In-Chief, Journal of Vaccines & Vaccination
Lawrence Corey: "Getting to an HIV Vaccine- Where Are We Now?"
Alexander von Gabain: "How to foster innovation to meet the global gap of novel vaccines: Leanings from the European Institute of Innovation and Techonolgy, EIT"
Nikolai Petrovsky: "Vaccine Adjuvants; the good, the bad and the ugly"
Therapeutic vaccines for chronic infections
Vaccine antigen modeling
Immuno-informatics in vaccine design
Vaccine formulation issues
|Participants List from Academia|
|Participants List from Business|